What is ANZUS?

What is ANZUS?

overview

Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Agreement (ANZUS or ANZUS Agreement), 1951, a separately non-binding security agreement between Australia and New Zealand, cooperation on military matters in Australia and the United States is to do. Pacific Ocean region, although today the treaty is associated with disputes around the world. This envisages that armed attacks against any of the three parties would be dangerous to the others and that each should take action to meet the common threat. He set up a foreign affairs committee that could meet for consultation.
The Accord was one of the series that the United States formed as part of the United States' joint response to the threat of communism during the Cold War during 1949-55. New Zealand was suspended from ANZUS when a nuclear-free zone began in its territorial waters in 1986; In late 2012, the United States imposed a ban on visits by New Zealand warships, which led to tensions being resolved. New Zealand maintains the nuclear free zone as part of its foreign policy, and the United States is partially suspended from ANZUS as it maintains a policy of uncertain whether warships carry nuclear weapons; However, New Zealand restarted key areas of the ANZUS agreement in 2007 (today only ANZUS bilateral meetings are held between Australia and the United States).

The Pacific Security Agreement between Australia, New Zealand, and the United States was signed in San Francisco on September 1, 1951. The abbreviation of the three countries is called Anzas. Valid in April of the following year. The validity period is unlimited. It stipulates that when a country receives an armed attack, it will deal with common dangers in accordance with its constitutional procedures. This agreement with Japan San Francisco Peace Treaty (September 8, 1951) and the cancellation of the invasion of Japan, the meaning of security for the United States to protect Australia and New Zealand from the resurgence of Japanese militarism, Treaty of Mutual Defense (August 30, 1951) USA-Japan The Security Treaty (September 8, 1951) and also has meaning as part of the US anti-communist regime in the Asian region. For Australia and New Zealand, this meant the conversion of military partners from the UK to the US. Over time, the meaning of defense against Japan diminished.
Kazuo Ogushi

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