overviewBodh Gaya is a religious site and pilgrimage site associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is famous as the place where Gautama Buddha is said to have attained Enlightenment (Pali: Bodhi) under what is known as the Bodhi Tree.
For Buddhists, Bodh Gaya is the most important of the four other pilgrim sites related to the life of Gautama Buddha, the other three being Kushinagar, Lumbini and Sarnath. In 2002, the Mahabodhi Temple located in Bodh Gaya became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
A religious city in central Bihar, northeast India. Population 383,197 (2001). It is located at the foot of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. There are light industries such as silk fabrics, metalworking, and the manufacture of souvenirs for pilgrims, collecting rice, wheat and sugarcane. It consists of a new city (Shaheb Ganji) and an old city built during the British period and is located in the old city. The temple of Bishnu Padi (referring to the footprint of the same god), glorifying the Vishnu God, was built on the site of a Buddhist temple with a Buddha footprint and is an important Hindu pilgrimage site. It was the center of Buddhism, but was replaced by Hinduism in the 2nd and 4th centuries. It is said to have been a Hindu pilgrimage site along with Varanasi in the 9th and 12th centuries. It is called Brahma Gaya to distinguish it from Bodh Gaya, 10 km south.
→ Related items Hajj