summaryMember of the Prussian aristocracy particularly noted for militarism
overviewJunkers (/ˈjʊŋkər/ YUUNG-kər ; German: [ˈjʊŋkɐ]) were members of the nobility in Prussia. They owned large estates maintained and worked by peasants who had few rights. These properties often stood in rural areas outside of major cities or towns. They were an important factor in Prussia and, after 1871, in the German military, political and diplomatic leadership. The most famous Junker was Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck. Bismarck served in Germany from 1862 to 1890 only as a parliamentarian, not as an emperor or president. He was removed from power by Kaiser Wilhelm II.
Many Junkers, in the eastern provinces, World War II. It was massacred by Poland or the Soviet Union after World War II. Junkers fled or were deported and their lands confiscated alongside other German-speaking populations by incoming Polish and Soviet administrations. In western and southern Germany, land was often owned by small independent farmers or smallholders and landlords, and this system was often compared to the dominance of large owners in the east. Originally meaning
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