What is Katsuragawa Hiroshi?

What is Katsuragawa Hiroshi?

overview

Katsuragawa Hoshū ( 桂川 甫周 1751 - August 2, 1809) was a Japanese physician and scholar of rangaku (Western studies). He served the Tokugawa shogunate as a physician and Dutch translator. The older brother of the author and rangaku scholar was Morishima Chūryō.
Dutch doctors, the eldest son of the Katsuragawa family, was appointed to the shoan, this position in 1777. He began teaching at the medical school in 1794. He also started collaborating with Sugita Genpaku in Kaitai Shinsho. The first Japanese translation of a Western treatise on anatomy, he was the author of Hokusa Bunryaku, one of the earliest Japanese accounts of Russia.
While in Nagasaki, he had surgery with Nakagawa Jun'an from Carl Peter Thunberg. On Thunberg's advice, Kirill Laxman wrote him a letter. However, the letter was received by the Tokugawa shogunate and never returned. (See Kirill Laxman # Letters to Japanese scholars) Medicine, Linguistic scholars in the late Edo period. His name is Kuni Ru (Akira Akira), and the subject is Tsukiyake (Gechi). House is a shogunate officer for the fourth generation for generations. I participated in the translation of the "New book of destruction" and microscopes, first applied for medicine in Japan. Besides the author of many medical and pharmaceutical translations, there is also a book on foreign relations, such as "oko Akokorozashi (Russian teeth)" "North 槎 聞 (Hokusa Bunryaku)". The 7th generation Kunihiki, who published the "Ran vocabulary (Oramida Ji)" of the Ran - e Japanese dictionary, was also named Hwang.
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