What is Portulaca grandiflora?

What is Portulaca grandiflora?


It is widely cultivated in many cultivars for its succulent moss-like leaves and abundance of brightly colored flowers.


Portulaca grandiflora is a succulent flowering plant in the family Portulacaceae found in Argentina, Southern Brazil and Uruguay and often grown in gardens. It has many common names, including rose moss, ten o'clock, Mexican rose, moss rose, Vietnam rose, sun rose, rock rose, and moss rose purslane.
It is also seen in South Asia and is widespread in most of the cities with old 18th and 19th century architecture in the Balkans. In Pakistan, after the afternoon flowers bloom in summer, it is called After Noon Rose Dopheri. In Bangladesh it is called "time fugue" meaning "time flower" because the flower has a specific time to bloom. In India it is called "nau bajiya" or "9 hour flower" which blooms around 9:00 am. In the Philippines, it's called uru-alas dose, or like twelve o'clock, because it loses its blooms by noon. In Vietnam, the flower is called "hoa mười giờ", meaning "ten o'clock flower", as it usually blooms in full bloom at 10:00 am. Its buds are often chewed by small birds such as house sparrows.
It is a small but fast growing annual herb that usually grows up to 30 cm tall, although it is scarce. However, if it is planted properly, it can easily reach this height. The leaves are thick and fleshy, up to 2.5 cm long, arranged in rows or in small clusters. The flowers are 2.5-3 cm in diameter with five petals, alternating red, orange, pink, white and yellow. The annual grass of the Spring Mulberry of the Buddha family, native to Brazil. Grass 10 to 20 cm, trunk reddish brown and cylindrical. The leaves are ethyl cylindrical and 1 to 2 cm in length. Only 5 sunburnt blooms with a diameter of about 3 cm appear on sunny days from summer to autumn. Flower color is red · peach · yellow · white, also double flower. The fruit has a spherical shape with a diameter of about 4 mm. Upon ripening, the upper half is removed and fine seeds are poured. It is strong against drying and easy to grow.
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