summaryEnglish theoretical physicist (born 1942)
overviewStephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA (8 January 1942 - 14 March 2018), at his death at the University of Cambridge in Theoretical Cosmology He was a British theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who was director of research at the Center. Between 1979 and 2009 he was Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University.
Hawking achieved commercial success with several works in which popular science generalized his theories and cosmology. His book, A Brief History of His Time, was on the British Sunday Times bestseller list with a record-breaking 237 weeks. Hawking was a fellow of the Royal Academy of Sciences (FRS) and a member of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States. In 2002, Hawking was ranked 25th in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons.
His scientific work included a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in general relativity, and his theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often referred to as Hawking radiation. Hawking was the first to propose a theory of cosmology explained by the union of general relativity theory and quantum mechanics. He was a strong supporter of many world interpretations of quantum mechanics.
Hawking had a gradual, gradual, slowly progressive form of motor neuron disease (also known as amyloidic lateral sclerosis "ALS" or Lou Gehrig's disease) that paralyzed him over the years. Even after the loss of his speech, he was able to communicate through a speech-generating device, initially using a hand-held key and eventually using a single cheek muscle. He died on March 14, 2018 at the age of 76. British physicist. He became a member of the Royal Society in 1974, worked as a professor at the University of Oxford, Cambridge University and the Lucas Memorial conference at Cambridge University. A scientist with a wheel who neither speaks nor walks due to troubling diseases that attack the nerves (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis). The first universe is very small, and it is said that there was a time when quantum mechanical effects could not be neglected, he developed a new theory of space creation that connected the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. "Hawking tells the universe" etc.