summaryBritish sculptor (1898-1986), whose works are monumental organic forms.
overviewHenry Spencer Moore OM CH FBA (30 July 1898 - 31 August 1986) was an English painter. He is best known for his semi-abstract monumental bronze sculptures found around the world as public works of art. In addition to sculpture, Moore produced many drawings, including a series depicting Londoners who took refuge from the Blitz during WWII, and other graphic works on paper.
His forms are usually abstractions of the human figure, typically depicting mother and child or lying figures. Moore's work is often suggestive of the female body, with the exception of a phase in the 1950s that was in the process of chipping away at family groups. Its forms often contain perforated or gapped areas. Many interpreters liken the wavy form of his reclining figures to the nature and hills of his native Yorkshire.
Moore was born in Castleford, the son of a coal miner. He became known for his carved marble and larger-scale abstract cast bronze sculptures and was instrumental in bringing a particular form of modernism to the UK. His ability to fulfill large-scale commissions in later life made him extremely wealthy. Despite this, he lived frugal; Most of the money he earned went to the Henry Moore Foundation, which continues to support arts education and promotion.
Former professor at Chelsea Art School.
He was born in Castleford (Yorksha).
He studied at Leeds School of Fine Arts and the Royal School of Fine Arts, then taught sculpture at the Royal School of Fine Arts and Chelsea School of Art. He produced an abstract sculpture influenced by the ancient stone carvings of Mexico. In 1933 he founded the "First Unit" group and began working internationally. The work is defined as an organic abstraction that deeply expresses the vitality of human beings through the use of materials. Its representative is "The False Human Body" ('57), "The Virgin and Christ Statue" ('44) and "The Warrior" ('53) at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris.